Population: Between 20 and 40 million people speak Kurdish, mainly in the Middle East.
Search engines: http://www.ekurd.net, http://www.kurdland.net/sorani/default.asp
Language Code: ku
Geographical Location: The Kurdish language is spoken in Kurdistan, and by people in parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria and Turkey. Kurdish is an official language in Iraq while it is banned in Syria. In Turkey, Kurdish was restricted before August 2002. In Iran, Kurdish is used in the local media and newspapers but isn’t allowed to be taught in schools.
Literacy Rate: 89.75% male, 64% female
Dialects: There are two types of Kurdish widely used in media and communications, Kurmanji in northern areas and Sorani in southern areas. The Kurmanji branch consists of the sub-dialects, Northern Kurmanji and Southern Kurmanji (also called Sorani.) The Gorani branch consists of the sub-dialects: Kakeyi, Hewrami and Zazaki. Northern Kurmanji (also called Kurmanji) is spoken by Kurds in Turkey, Syria, the former Soviet Union, Northern regions of Western Azarbaijan province, Northern Khorasan of Iran and Dohuk and Mosul governorates in Iraqi Kurdistan. Southern Kurmanji is spoken by most Iraqi and Iranian Kurds.
Currency: There is no defined currency as Kurdistan crosses a number of country’s borders.
Language Tips: In Kurdish the usual order is subject–object–verb, in contrast to the English word order of subject–verb–object. This is unlike Persian, Turkish and Arabic. Nouns are marked according to number and definiteness, but not by gender. Adjectives are similarly marked for number and degree (comparative or superlative). The Kurdish language uses three different writing systems. In Iran and Iraq it’s written using a modified version of the Arabic alphabet. In Turkey and Syria, it is written using the Latin alphabet. In parts of the Soviet Union, it’s written with the Cyrillic alphabet. There is no standard alphabet or spelling system for Kurdish.
On a typical business card: The translation of your business card will depend on which area of the world you’re working in. Many Kurdish speakers also speak Arabic, so an Arabic translation may suffice. When having a business card translated into Kurdish, include your company position and title, since rank and social standing are considered important.
Facts were compiled from: